Calendar Description

Course Information and Outline

Assignments

**Evaluation:**Assignments (best 8 of 10): 40%

In-Class test: February 15: 5%

**[Please see the assignments page for the 2018 midterm and solutions. I will be using the same equation sheet for the 2019 midterm. You should bring a calculator. The midterm could include any material to the end of week 5. If anyone cannot make the exam for the time scheduled for *any* reason, you may put 5% onto the final exam.]**

Final Exam: 55%

N.B. The combined in-class test + final exam is worth 60%. I will allocate marks to give you an advantage

E.g. In-class test= 2/5=40%, Final=50/55= 91%==> Final test+exam mark=91%x60=55 (all marks go on final)

E.g. In-class test=4/5=80%, Final=30/55=55% ==> Final test+exam mark=34/60

In other words, the in-class test is only counted if it gives you an advantage

Class Notes

*(Piet Hein)*

**Nature, it seems, is the popular name for milliards and milliards and milliards of particles playing their infinite game of of billiards and billiards and billiards****Some extra information:**

1. Experimental measurement of the vibration of a molecule in a solid

2. Assumptions understanding T via kinetic theory

3. The ideal gas surface

4. Surfaces for other substances

4. Sample van der Waals constants (N.B. each of the constants, a, are times 10^3, not just the first one)

5. Sample equations of state for gases

6. Exact differential for PVT surface

7. The cyclic relation

8. Approaches to differentiation (a)

Approaches to differentiation (b)

Approaches to differentiation (c)

9. Example of measurement of coefficient of thermal expansion for teeth

10. Determining whether a differential is exact via mixed second partial derivatives

11. Example as to how to find an equation of state (a)

Example as to how to find an equation of state (b)

**12.**The Gay-Lussac Joule experiment for determining that U = U(T) only for an ideal gas: explanation, figure

13. Work-Heat in the context of a System

**14.**Sample volume coefficients of expansion: Liquids Solids (scroll down to table)

**15.**General expressions for heat capacity and specific heats

**16.**c_p and c_v for copper and mercury

**17.**beta and kappa for copper and mercury

**18. Ways to increase entropy**

19. Multiplicity of an Einstein Solid in the high T limit

20. Reconciliation of Cp equation of #15 above with Eqn. 1.45 text

21. The TdS equations (ignore the reference to #9 and #14 on this sheet)

22. Applications of the Stirling Engine

23. The Joule-Thomson effect, or 'throttling'

24. Bruce nuclear power plant Hydrogen fuel cell

25. Identities of the thermodynamic potentials

26. Maxwell relations

27. The chemical potential

28. Video of triple point of water

29. Phase diagrams

30. Temperature gradient in Earth's Lithosphere

31. Kyanite, Andalusite, and Sillimanite

32. Derivation of distribution function for an ideal gas, (associated figure)